Did you know! Smith County, Kansas is the
geographic center of the continguous 48 states.
State Motto: "To The Stars Through
State Song: "Home on the Range"
State Flower: Sunflower
State Tree: Cottonwood
State Bird: Western Meadowlark
State Capital: Topeka
Largest City: Wichita
State Nicknames: Wheat State, Sunflower State
Average Annual Rainfall: 27 inches
1. A ball of twine in Cawker City measures over
38' in circumference and weighs more than 16,750 pounds and is
2. A grain elevator in Hutchinson is 1/2 mile
long and holds 46 million bushels in its 1,000 bins.
3. South of Ashland the Rock Island Bridge is
the longest railroad bridge of its kind. It measures 1,200 feet
long and is 100 feet above the Cimarron River.
4. At Kansas State University College of
Veterinary Medicine waterbeds for horses are used in surgery.
5. Kansas won the award for most beautiful
license plate for the wheat plate design issued in 1981.
6. Dodge City is the windiest city in the
7. At one time it was against the law to serve
ice cream on cherry pie in Kansas.
8. The first woman mayor in the United States
was Susan Madora Salter. She was elected to office in Argonia in
9. The first black woman to win an Academy
Award was Kansan Hattie McDaniel. She won the award for her role in
"Gone with the Wind."
10. Kansas inventors include Almon Stowger of
El Dorado who invented the dial telephone in 1889; William Purvis
and Charles Wilson of Goodland who invented the helicopter in 1909;
and Omar Knedlik of Coffeyville who invented the first frozen
carbonated drink machine in 1961.
11. Smith County is the geographical center of
the 48 contiguous states.
12. Amelia Earhart, first woman granted a
pilot's license by the National Aeronautics Associate and first
woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean was from Atchison.
13. Dwight D. Eisenhower from Abilene was the
34th President of the United States.
14. Silent comedian Buster Keaton, of early
film success, was from Piqua, Kansas.
15. The three largest herds of buffalo
(correctly called bison) in Kansas are located on public lands at
the Maxwell Game Preserve (McPherson), Big Basin (Ashland), and
Buffalo Game Preserve (Garden City).
16. Fort Riley, between Junction City and
Manhattan, was the cradle of the United States Cavalry for 83
years. George Custer formed the famed 7th Cavalry there in 1866.
Ten years later, at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, the 7th was
virtually wiped out. The only Cavalry survivor was a horse named
17. Wyatt Earp, James Butler "Wild Bill" Hickok
and William B. "Bat" Masterson were three of the legendary lawmen
who kept the peace in rowdy frontier towns like Abilene, Dodge
City, Ellsworth, Hays, and Wichita.
18. The public swimming pool at the Lee
Richardson Zoo in Garden City occupies half a city block and holds
2 1/2 million gallons of water.
19. Cedar Crest is the name of the governor's
mansion in Topeka, the state capital.
20. Barton County is the only Kansas County
that is named for a woman; the famous volunteer Civil War nurse
21. The Arkansas River may be the only river
whose pronunciation changes as it crosses state lines. In Kansas,
it is called the Arkansas (ahr-KAN-zuhs). On both sides of Kansas
(Colorado and Oklahoma), it is called the Arkansaw.
22. Civil War veteran S.P. Dinsmoor used over
100 tons of concrete to build the Garden of Eden in Lucas. Even the
flag above the mausoleum is made of concrete.
23. Handel's Messiah has been presented in
Lindsborg each at Easter since 1889.
24. A monument to the first Christian martyr on
United States Territory stands along Highway 56 near Lyons. Father
Juan de Padilla came to the region with the explorer Coronado in
25. Hutchinson is nicknamed the Salt City
because it was built above some of the richest salt deposits in the
world. Salt is still actively mined, processed and shipped from
26. There are 27 Walnut Creeks in the
27. There are more than 600 incorporated towns
in the state.
28. Morton County sells the most trout fishing
stamps of all the Kansas counties.
29. Fire Station No. 4 in Lawrence, originally
a stone barn constructed in 1858, was a station site on the
30. The Hugoton Gas Field is the largest
natural gas field in the United States. It underlies all or parts
of 10 southwestern Kansas counties as well as parts of Oklahoma and
Texas. The gas field underlies almost 8,500 square miles, an area
nearly 5 times as large as the state of Rhode Island.
31. The Kansas Speleological Society has
catalogued at least 528 caves in 37 Kansas counties. Commanche
County has at least 128 caves and Barber County has at least 117
32. Kansas has the largest population of wild
grouse in North America. The grouse is commonly called the prairie
33. Milford Reservoir with over 16,000 acres of
water is the state's largest lake. The reservoir is located
northwest of Junction City.
34. The Geodetic Center of North America is
about 40 miles south of Lebanon at Meade's Ranch. It is the
beginning point of reference for land surveying in North America.
When a surveyor checks a property line, he or she is checking the
position of property in relation to Meade's Ranch in northwest
35. In Italy the city of Milan is 300 miles
northwest of Rome. In Kansas, Milan is less than 25 miles northwest
of Rome, in Sumner County.
36. Between 1854 and 1866, 34 steamboats
paddled up the Kaw River (Kansas River). One made it as far west as
37. In 1990 Kansas wheat farmers produced
enough wheat to make 33 billion loaves of bread, or enough to
provide each person on earth with 6 loaves.
38. Holy Cross Shrine in Pfeifer, was known as
the 2 Cent Church because the building was built using a 2 cent
donation on each bushel of wheat sold by members of the church.
39. Kansas produced a record 492.2 million
bushels of wheat in 1997, enough to make 35.9 billion loaves of
40. The American Institute of Baking is located
41. A 30 foot tall statue of Johnny Kaw stands
in Manhattan. The statue represents the importance of the Kansas
42. The graham cracker was named after the
Reverend Sylvester Graham (1794-1851). He was a Presbyterian
minister who strongly believed in eating whole wheat flour
43. The rocks at Rock City are huge sandstone
concretions. In an area about the size of two football fields, 200
rocks, some as large as houses, dot the landscape. There is no
other place in the world where there are so many concretions of
such giant size.
44. George Washington Carver, the famous
botanical scientist who discovered more than 300 products made from
the peanut, graduated from high school in Minneapolis in 1885.
45. The First United Methodist Church in
Hutchinson was built in 1874 during the time of the grasshopper
plagues. The grasshoppers came during the construction of the
churches foundation but the pastor continued with the work. As a
result, thousands of grasshoppers are mixed into the mortar of the
original building's foundation.
46. A hailstone weighing more than one and a
half pounds once fell on Coffeyville.
47. The Oregon Trail passed thru six states,
including Kansas. There were no Indian attacks reported on the
Oregon Trail as the travelers passed through the state.
48. Russell Springs located in Logan County is
known as the Cow Chip Capital of Kansas.
49. The world famous fast-food chain of Pizza
Hut restaurants opened its first store in Wichita.
50. Sumner County is known as The Wheat Capital
of the World.